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EC 1: Oxidoreductases
EC 2: Transferases
EC 3: Hydrolases
EC 4: Lyases
EC 5: Isomerases
EC 6: Ligases
Enzymes in industry
Industrial applications of enzymes
Enzymes as a highly specific catalysts have many industrial applications. Furthermore, because enzymes are proteins and usually do not survive at temperatures higher than 50-60°C it is safe to use them in food industry.
Enzymes in food industryAlmost all enzymes are disintegrated at high temperatures and then they completely safe for first steps of food processing. Furthermore many enzymes used in food processing are very similar to those from human body and therefore are completely safe as well. Many enzymes are used non-directly, i.e. some sources of food are already contains such enzymes and during appropriate steps can be activated.
Enzymes in brewing industryBeer brewing is a very difficult process, which required from brewer a very high qualifications. Using of additional enzymes can simplify this process, which in fact reduce a bit quality of the final beer, but from other hand allow to produce beer easily in large quantities.
Enzymes for primary food processingSome food can be prepared or predigested with enzymes. This can make it much more tasty, pleasant and more long-life.
Biological detergents and cleaningThese detergents are based on the enzymatic activities which helps to remove many types of dirt from closes. Also used for cleaning of some sensitive equipment.
Enzymes in molecular biologyThis is never ending story. Many of enzymes used in molecular biology directly in bacterial cells to synthesise necessary compounds. Bacterial and yeasts cells can be used for any protein and peptide biosynthesis. Some of these bacterial enzymes can be used in vitro to perform the same biological processes, from which are most important enzymes for DNA/RNA manipulation.
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